Bar Bending Schedule (BBS) – Basic

Bar Bending Schedule Basics (BBS)

Bar Bending Schedule
Bar Bending Schedule

In Bar Bending Schedule Basics, Here I’ll cover the following topics…

 What is Bar Bending Schedule?

 Importance of Bar Bending Schedule?

 What advantages of Bar Bending Schedule?

 Why Steel is used As Reinforcement Bar?

 Size & Unit Weight of Bars.

 Bend Deduction of bars & values.

 For 180 Degree Bend.

 Clear Cover & Effective Cover.

 Values of Clear Cover.

 Standard Codes Used For BBS.

 Symbols & Representation in BBS.

 Cutting Length of Bars.

 Cutting Length of Crank Bar.


 Cutting Length Of Rectangular Stirrups.

 Cutting Length Of Triangular Stirrups.

 Cutting Length Of Circular Stirrups.

 Cutting Length of Diamond Stirrups.

 Cutting Length of Spiral or Helix Stirrup.

 Cutting Length of Chair bar.

What is Bar Bending Schedule?

Bar bending is the process of cutting & Bending reinforcement bars into the required shape.

Important Of Bar Bending Schedule

Location & Marking of Bar

Type of Bar

Size of Bar

Cutting the length of the bar

Number of Bar

Bending details of Bar

Total Quantity

Advantages of Bar Bending Schedule

Cutting length & bending of reinforcement can be done by Bar Bending Schedule.

B.B.S avoids wastage of reinforcement& thus saves the project cost.

It provides a better estimation of reinforcement steel requirements for each & every structure member.

B.B.S. is very much useful during the auditing of reinforcement & provides checks for theft & pilferage.

It enables easy & fast preparation of bills of construction work for clients & contractors.

Why Steel is used As Reinforcement Bar?

Coefficient of thermal expansion characteristics similar to concrete.

Good strength for the economic design of R.C.C. structure.

Good gripping or good bonding with concrete.

Good resistance against corrosion for higher durability.

Good bed ability for providing required shape.

Size & Unit Weight of Bars

Dia. Of Bar


Unit Weight of Bar (D2/162) – (8×8)/162 = 0.395 kg/m.


(10×10)/162 = 0.617 kg/m.


(12×12)/162 = 0.889 kg/m.


(16 x16)/162 = 1.580 kg/m.


(20×20)/162 = 2.470 kg/m.


(25×25)/162 = 3.858 kg/m.


(32×32)/162 = 6.320 kg/m.

Bend Deduction of bars & values

Bend increases the length of bars. So we need a lesser length than we see in the drawing. So, the Cutting length is taken lesser than the required length.

For 45 degree Bend

Always take – 1d

For 90-degree Bend

Always take – 2d

For 135-degree Bend

Always take – 3d

For 180-degree Bend

Always take – 4 d

Standard Length of Bar – 12 meters or 40 feet.


Clear Cover & Effective Cover

The cover is the thickness of concrete measured from the nearest outer surface of reinforcement. The cover is mainly provided to protect the reinforcement bars. In RCC structure reinforcement is provided in concrete up to a specific distance from the face of the member.

Clear Cover

The clear cover is the distance between the outer surface of the concrete to the nearest surface of the reinforcing bar.

Effective Cover

The effective cover is the distance measured from the face of the member to the center of the area(centroid) of the main reinforcement. This is the dimension mostly used for design calculation.

Effective cover = Clear cover + Dia of stirrups/ links + 0.5 x Dia of the main reinforcement bar.

Values of Clear Cover

FOOTING – 50mm

COLUMN – 40mm

BEAM – 25mm

SLAB – 20mm


CHAJJA – 15mm

PILE – 60mm

PILE CAP – 60mm

Bar Bending Schedule

Standard Codes Used For BBS

IS: 456-2000 Plain & Reinforced Concrete

IS 2502-1963 Code of Practice for bending & fixing?

IS: 5525-1969 Detailing of reinforcement in RCC work.

SP 34-1987 Concrete Reinforcement Detailing.

Symbols & Representation in BBS

         Symbols                                                   Representation

               ϴ                                                           Plain Round Bar.

                □                                                          Plain Square Bar.

              #                                                          Deformed Bar.

                   @                                                     Center to center spacing.



Cutting Length of Bars

   The shape of the Bar                                  Cutting Length of the Bar

                              CL – a + L + b – bend deduction Bend – deduction – 2 x 2d (90*).


                                          CL – a + L – bend deduction – 1 x 2d (90*).


                                        CL – L + (2 x Hook Length) Hook Length = 10D


Cutting Length of Crank Bar


Crank length – 0.42d.

Cutting Length – Ld + Span Length (L) + { 0.42H x 2} + Ld – Bend

Deduction (2 x 90* + 4 x 45*).

HOOK Cutting Length


Length of hook = 9d or 10d, (where d is the diameter of the bar)

Length of bar = L + 9d + 9d meter.

Cutting Length Of Rectangular Stirrups

Cutting Length Of Rectangular Stirrups – (a x 2) + (b x 2) + Hook Length

Where, a = A – (2 x clear cover) – d

a = B – (2 x clear cover) – d

Hook Length = 2 x 10D

Length of hook = 9d or 10d, (where d is the diameter of the bar)

Length of bar = L + 9d + 9d meter.

Cutting Length Of Triangular Stirrups


Cutting Length Of triangular Stirrups – (H x 2) + a + Hook Length Where, H = (x2 + y2)⅟2 Where,X = a/2 & Y = b a = A – (2 x clear cover) – d

b = B – (2 x clear cover) – d

Cutting Length Of Circular Stirrups


Cutting Length Of Circular Stirrups

Cutting Length of Circular Stirrups = (Pi x d) + Hook length Where d = D – (2 x clear cover) – Dia of the bar. Cutting Length of Diamond Stirrups

Cutting Length Of Diamond Stirrups


Cutting Length Of Diamond Stirrups

Cutting length of diamond stirrups = (H x 4) + Hook Length

Where, H = (x2 + y2)

Where, x = a/2 & y = b/2.

Cutting the Length of Spiral or Helix Stirrups


Cutting Length of Spiral or Helix Stirrups

Length of Helix/Spiral Bar = n√ c2 + p2

So, first, we should find out the value of ‘n’ & ‘c’.

No. of Pitches (n) = H/p+1

Where, Length of pile cage= H

Pitch or spacing of spiral = P

Circumstances (C) = x d


Dia of spiral Ring (d) = D – (2 x cc) – Dia of the bar.

Cutting Length of Chair bar


Cutting Length of Chair bar

Cutting length of chair bar = 2A + 2D + B Where, A = (2 x spacing) + 50 B = 50d

D = Footing height – [{ upper + lower cc} + ( Upper side main + dist bar dia + lower side main bar dia)]

 Bar Bending Schedule Some Basic Formulas 

Spacing:- Distance between two reinforcement bars.

Number of Bars – (Span/spacing) + 1

Number of Stirrups – (Actual length of column/beam/spacing) +1 Overlapping of Bars

For Compression Members (Column) Overlapping should be taken as 40D.

For Tension Members (Beam) Overlapping should be taken as 50D.

For Both, we can take 50D.

Neck column to footing overlapping should be taken as 16D.

Column to Column overlapping 50D.

D – Slab or beam thickness – top & bottom cover.

Length of Extra Bar – L/4.

Total Length of Bars – Length of bars x no. of bars.

Total weight of bars – Total length x weight per meter kg.                                               

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Bar Bending Schedule (BBS) Basics Part -1

Bar Bending Schedule

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 Bar Bending Schedule
Bar Bending Schedule

Thanks For the Great Attention!

Good Bye & Take Care

Happy Learning 

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Bar Bending Schedule


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